Who created Anzac Day?

Anzac Day; one of the most significant holidays in the Australian year. The day represents the ideals of courage, endurance and sacrifice with remembering all the Australians killed in military operations.

Anzac Day

The Beginning of Anzac Day

It was established on 25 April 1915 when the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps landed on the Gallipoli Peninsula. The war broke out in 1914, with Britain declared war and Australia automatically placed on the side of the Commonwealth.

On the morning of 25 April 1915, an army set out to capture the Gallipoli peninsula in order to open the Dardanelles to the allied navies. Part of the expedition was the Australian and New Zealand soldiers, who were nicknamed the Anzacs. The objective was to capture Constantinople, which is now known as Istanbul in Turkey, the capital of the Ottoman Empire, and a strong ally of Germany.

When the Anzacs landed on Gallipoli, they met a fierce resistance from the Ottoman Turkish soldiers. With their plan to swiftly defeat the Turkish people quickly became an impasse. The campaign stretched into eight-month long campaign. Both sides suffered heavy casualties, with over 8,000 Australian soldiers dying. The Anzacs were seen as courageous soldiers who sacrifice themselves for their country despite losing the Gallipoli campaign. Since then, the 25th of April became the day on which Australians remember the sacrifice and courage of those who had died in war.

What does Anzac stand for?

The name Anzac stands for Australian and New Zealand Army Corps. The named was coined soon after the operation started, with the name seen as an endearing and prideful tag, the Anzacs live on in the hearts of past and present Australians.

What is held on Anzac Day?

There are numerous activities held every year for both locals and tourists to attend. The two main forms of services include the Anzac Day Dawn Service, as well as the Anzac Day March. The dawn service is a formal event which starts at 5:45 and includes thousands of people coming together to remember the past heroes. The march includes the veterans from past and present conflicts, starting in the morning and routes around St Kilda road to the Shrine. The Shrine of Remembrance is also open for visitors, with galleries of remembrance featuring special exhibitions such as Resistance: Australians and the European Underground 1939-45, and new exhibition The Korean War 1950-53.

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